Kapha Dosha

Kapha Dosha – It is necessary to have the right balance of Kapha in the body along with Vata and Pitta. In Ayurveda, the body is considered to be of three types – Vata, Pitta and Kapha. According to Ayurveda, we all have one of these three tendencies, this dosha is helpful in increasing the body’s strength and immunity. The main place of Kapha dosha in the body is stomach and chest.

Kapha Dosha

Kapha Dosha is made up of two elements, ‘Earth’ and ‘Water’. Kapha dosha due to ‘Prithvi’ has stability and heaviness and due to ‘Jal’ has oily and lubricating properties. This dosha is helpful in increasing the strength and immunity of the body. The main place of Kapha dosha in the body is stomach and chest.

Apart from nourishing the body, Kapha also controls the other two doshas (Vata and Pitta). In its deficiency, both these defects automatically increase. Therefore, it is very important to keep Kapha in the body in a balanced state. Kapha imbalance in the body can also occur due to sinus, lung infection or any disease, headache due to sinusitis, fever, bronchial asthma etc.

Types of Kapha Dosha

Kapha is divided into five parts in Ayurveda based on different locations and functions in the body.

  • Avalambaka Kapha, 
  • Kledaka Kapha, 
  • Tarpaka Kapha,
  •  Bodhaka Kapha,  
  • Sleshaka Kapha

In Ayurveda, the number of diseases caused by Kapha dosha is considered to be about 20.

Properties of Kapha Dosha

The qualities found in any dosha have different effects on the body and nature is revealed from that.

  • Kapha is heavy, cold, greasy, sweet, stable and sticky. these are its natural properties
  • Also the phlegm is slow and wet
  • Talking about the colors, the color of the phlegm is white and the taste is sweet.

Symptoms of Kapha Dosha

  • sweet taste in mouth
  • always lethargic, excessive sleepiness
  • yellowing of the skin
  • coldness in the body
  • Itching
  • problems with urination and sweating
  • Restlessness
  • sinusitis
  • looseness in limbs
  • cold
  • Prolongation of Mocus secretion from the mouth and eyes
  • Asthma, sore throat, cough
  • diseases from head to chest
  • aliphaticity, coldness and heaviness in the organs of the body
  • swelling
  • loss of appetite
  • Constipation
  • hypersomnia
  • sweet-salty taste in the mouth
  • whiteness of body
  • prolonged illness

Due to increase in kapha Dosha :

In the month of March-April, in the morning, after eating food and in young children, the cough naturally increases. Therefore, special care should be taken during these times. Apart from this, Kapha becomes unbalanced due to food, habits and nature. Let us know what are the main reasons for increasing Kapha dosha in the body. Kapha also becomes unbalanced due to food habits and nature.

  • Consumption of sweet, sour and greasy foods
  • excessive consumption of meat and fish
  • Excess intake of things made from sesame, sugarcane, milk, salt
  • drinking cold water from the fridge
  • Lazy nature and lack of daily exercise
  • Consumption of milk-curd, ghee, sesame-urad khichdi, water chestnut, coconut, pumpkin etc.

What to Eat in kapha Dosha?

  • Consuming jaggery in the morning or after the day’s meal can be beneficial. Jaggery has a warming effect, it reduces phlegm as well as improves digestion.
  • Consumption of things like basil, dry ginger and honey are very beneficial in reducing phlegm, so include them in the diet in any way.
  • Eat grains like millet, maize, wheat, quinoa brown rice, rye etc.
  • In vegetables, eat spinach, cabbage, broccoli, green beans, capsicum, peas, potatoes, radish, beet etc.
  • Eat spicy and hot foods.
  • Cook all types of pulses well and eat them.
  • Reduce salt intake.

Kapha Dosha in Ayurveda :

  • Consumption of bitter, pungent, astringent, dry, hot and pungent substances.
  • Walking, running, swimming, yoga, exercise, etc.
  • Complete abandonment of comfort.
  • Fasting, Mardan, Ubtan, Bake.
  • Vamana is the best of all cough medicines.
  • Vamaka drugs first go into the stomach and expel the deformed stool-formed phlegm living in the chest from the mouth. Due to the destruction of Kapha in the stomach and chest, which are the main places of Kapha, the disorders of Kapha in different parts of the body get pacified. Chaitra month is best for vomiting.
  • Liquorice or licorice is such a sweet medicine for phlegm, which destroys every problem related to phlegm. Licking licorice mixed with honey is very beneficial in case of burning sensation in throat, nose and chest due to phlegm. For elders, powder of liquorice can be used. For babies, the root of licorice can be rubbed 6-7 times with water on the stone and mixed with honey or milk. Liquorice is the enemy of phlegm, keeping a small piece of licorice in the mouth and chewing is also beneficial in lung diseases like asthma, tuberculosis and change in voice. Licking licorice mixed with honey is very beneficial in cough.

Symptoms of kapha deficiency :

It is common to have problems due to increased phlegm, but do you know that some problems can also occur due to lack of phlegm. Yes, if the amount of Kapha in the body is reduced, then the following symptoms are seen.

  1. dryness in body
  2. burning sensation in the body
  3. Feeling of emptiness in the lungs, bones, heart, and head
  4. feeling very thirsty
  5. feeling weak and lack of sleep
  6. Kapha Dosha : cough deficiency treatment
  7. If there is a deficiency of Kapha, eat those things which increase Kapha such as milk, rice.
  8. During the summer season, sleeping during the day also increases phlegm, so if there is a shortage of phlegm, you must sleep for some time during the day.

Measure of sama and niram Kapha :

  1. When the digestive fire is weak, some part of the food we eat is not digested properly and that part remains lying in the body instead of coming out in the form of stool. This undigested portion of food is called “Aam Rasa” or “Aam Dosha” in Ayurveda. Together with these doshas, ​​it causes many diseases.
  2. When the phlegm is mixed with the ‘mango’, it becomes unhygienic, thick and foul-smelling, sticking to the throat like strings. Such phlegm prevents belching and reduces appetite.
  3. While Niram Kapha is foamy, light and odorless. Niram Kapha does not stick in the throat and keeps the mouth clean.
  4. If you are of Kapha nature and are often troubled by the imbalance of Kapha, then follow the rules mentioned above. If the problem is not getting better or becomes severe then contact an ayurvedic doctor.


Pitta Dosha

Pitta Dosha – Pitta is a yellow colored fluid in our body which aids in digestion and is related to body heat. Pitta is a type of digestive juice. Where the pitta duct leaves the liver and joins the intestine.

Pitta Dosha | What is Pitta Dosha?

Pitta dhatu also protects the body from any infection occurring in the body. In this post, we will know the symptoms of a pitta-dominant person and what diseases can arise if pitta becomes unbalanced. It is also very important to understand the difference between a “pitta dominant person” and a “pitta imbalance”.

Pitta Dosha

Pitta Dosha | Characteristics of people with Pitta Dominant nature :

  • height – medium
  • Body build – delicate
  • chest – medium
  • Muscular veins – medium
  • Muscle – moderate predominance
  • Mole – many
  • Skin color – bluish or brownish
  • Skin – warmer, softer, less wrinkled,
  • Hair – thin, red, silky, early graying
  • eyes – medium

Pitta Dosha | Metabolism :

Pitta predominant persons are more affected by pitta doshas and digestive disorders. These defects are congenital. So they cannot be changed, they can only be balanced. An increased defect can be reduced and a decreased defect can be increased. When the doshas are disrupted and unbalanced, the following symptoms and signs are seen in them –

Pitta Dosha | Persons of pitta prakriti can fall prey to these diseases :

  • peptic ulcers
  • gastric
  • intestinal ulcer
  • skin rashes
  • Eye weakness due to deficiency of Vitamin A
  • Heartburn due to acidity
  • hair loss (baldness)
  • heart attack due to stress
  • introspection

Let’s look at an example of a pitta stimulated:

A person was in the habit of drinking coffee ten to twelve times a day. He used to eat in small quantities and at irregular intervals. Along with this, he used to live under stress during his work. As a result, he developed gastric ulcer and doctors advised him to undergo an operation. Before undergoing the operation,

he decided to try Ayurvedic treatment and was advised by an Ayurvedic doctor to take rest, a diet made from milk and foods that pacify pitta. He was advised to give up the habit of irregular eating, stay away from coffee and alcohol as well as take physical and mental rest. As a result, he got relief and there was no chance of getting an operation.

Generally, on the basis of interrogation of the person, his nature is determined, as well as it depends on the physical examination. Inquiry – is given in part (a). The numbers all depend on the answer to the question. Physical examination is mentioned in part (b). For this also the numbering is done in the same way.

Characteristics of Pitta Dosha :


  • How to do a work – Moderately
  • get excited – moderately
  • Power to accept new things – fast
  • Memory- Moderate
  • appetite, digestion – good
  • The amount of food you consume – more
  • What kind of taste do you like – sweet, bitter, hard
  • What does thirst feel like – more
  • What type of food do you prefer hot or cold?
  • What type of drink do you prefer – Cold
  • Have regular or irregular bowel movements – twice a day
  • What is the condition of constipation – thin stool
  • What sweats – easily
  • sexual desire – moderate
  • How many children – two or three
  • What is good sleep – less, but good sleep
  • Do you dream everyday – Sometimes, Violent, Horror
  • State of speech- the habit of speaking with anger, irritability
  • Mode of conversation – fast and clear
  • Walking Mode – At a moderate pace, applying pressure to the ground
  • Movements of feet, hands, eyebrows during work = Simultaneously

Physical examination of Pitta Dosha

Part B:

  • Face – white, flushed, delicate
  • Visible ribs of chest – medium, but fatty
  • belly – medium
  • Eyes – piercing, sharp eyelids, brown, copper-coloured,
  • White eye color – yellowish, reddened
  • tongue-copper
  • Teeth – average, but yellow
  • lips – copper colored
  • Body Composition – Medium
  • Body Weight- Moderate, Normal
  • Physical strength – strong, average
  • body – soft
  • hair on body
  • Body odor – unpleasant odor in the armpits
  • Body movement – right and fast
  • Skin colour- fair and reddish
  • Skin nature – soft, mole and rash
  • Skin moisture – slightly oily
  • Skin temperature—low, sometimes hot, forehead
  • loose joint
  • footprints – indeterminate
  • Nails – less oily, copper colored
  • Hands – moist, copper colored
  • Eyes – red due to hot bath, sunlight and anger

Symptoms of unbalanced Pitta

  • Anger
  • Tension
  • excess of acidity in the body
  • excess gastric fluid – gastritis
  • discomfort in the esophagus
  • body burn
  • Headache and burning in feet and palms
  • nose bleed
  • Dysuria
  • yellowing of nails

The origin of ulcers is mainly due to stimulation of bile. This happens in most of the cases. Ulcers can be cured with pitta reducing diet, complete rest and medicines. We will tell further remedies to pacify pitta.

cause of imbalance of doshas

The doshas become unbalanced due to changes in diet, physical activities and environment. The first powerful dosha is Vata. If Vata increases, it also causes imbalance in Pitta and Kapha.

When Pitta is balanced, the person is soft-tempered, cheerful, energetic and the owner of good health. Bile is nothing but digestive juice. Pitta balanced person eats plenty and remains healthy. When Pitta is imbalanced, acne and hair fall start on the face. Baldness begins at the age of forty or even earlier.Due to good appetite and digestion, the body grows out of proportion, due to which gastric ulcers, burning in the chest and heart related problems arise. All these disorders are caused by stress or pressure. Research has shown that Vata is imbalanced and combined with Pitta causes more problems, such as high blood pressure, hemiplegia, facial palsy and sciatica.

Why is pitta unbalanced?

  • Due to these things, pitta can become unbalanced in pitta-dominant persons.
  • getting out in the sun
  • working near a hot furnace
  • living in a warm climate
  • to be under stress and pressure
  • hot and spicy food
  • use more salt
  • consuming yeasty foods
  • sour food and be more ambitious

Physical problems due to pitta imbalance

  • ulcer
  • Acidity – hyperacidity (acidity)
  • sour body odor
  • hemorrhoid
  • Skin boils, rashes etc.
  • bad breath
  • extreme hunger
  • excessive thirst
  • heat stroke
  • heat stroke
  • red hot eyes

behavioral problems 

  • Depression
  • irritability
  • Anger
  • Restlessness
  • lose your temper
  • always criticizing others
  • get into an argument

Imbalance in any of the doshas can cause any symptoms but these are common signs and symptoms of pitta imbalance. We will tell in the coming article how Pitta is balanced according to Ayurveda.


Vata Dosha

Vata Dosha – Vata is a combination of these two elements. Although Vata is also subtle, its presence can be felt only through its actions in the body.

Vata Dosha | What is the principle of Vata Dosha :

The principle of Vata dosha is based on sky air. Akash is the first element in these two components, which is a very subtle element and which is also called sky or space. Vayu is the second major element after ether which is a component of Vata dosha. It develops from the ether which is called air.

Vata Dosha

Vata Dosha | What are the Properties of Vata Dosha :

Vata dosha has been explained very effectively in Ayurveda. According to which the translation in English of Sanskrit words used in Vata dosha is as follows.

  • Dry
  • Cold
  • Light
  • Subtle or Fineness or Minute
  • Moving or Mobile
  • Clear (flowing and clear)
  • Rough or Coarse
  • Hard

Although Vata is considered cold, Vata acts as a Yogavahi. This means that when it mixes with hot materials, it exhibits a warm quality. But when it meets cold materials then its nature becomes cold. However, Vata never loses its intrinsic qualities. But it can affect the properties of other substances associated with it.

It produces heat when combined with pitta. Similarly, when it connects with Kapha, it can give a feeling of coolness. Pitta and Kapha cannot work without Vata, but Vata can work without Pitta and Kapha. This is the independent nature of Vata. Vata has its own independent functions but Pitta and Kapha depend on Vata for their functions.

Vata Dosha | What are the Functions of Vata :

Simply put, Vata is responsible for all the major functions of the nervous system. The Vata functions are written below.

  • Senses
  • Communication
  • Conductivity
  • Impulsivity
  • Permeability
  • Sensitivity
  • Transportation
  • Circulation
  • Elimination
  • Movement
  • Respiration
  • Thought
  • Produces Roughness
  • Produces Lightness

Vata controls communication, movement and transport in living cells. It determines the movement of molecules in the cellular structures thereby controlling the movement of the body. Vata also plays an important role in the conduction of other parts and organs of the body from the brain.

Cellular division in our body is not possible without Vata. It is essential for cellular organization and formation of tissues. It is helpful in conjugating Kapha molecules and cells in tissues. Therefore Vata has a more important role in the body. The main functions of Vata for the body are as follows:

  • Embryo size – The shape of the fetus is due to the action of Vata, Vata plays an important role in forming and determining the size of the fetus.
  • It causes dryness in the body.
  • Vata induces physical activities and movement, thereby causing catabolism in the body.
  • Vata determines the speed of bodily activity and controls Pitta.
  • Vata is a major component that is important for almost all activities from the development of the fetus to the destruction of life.
  • All the functions of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves are due to Vata. It plays a role in the stimulation of impulses in the nervous system.

Vata Dosha | Where is the main Place of Vata in the Body :

It is difficult to determine in which major part of the body Vata occurs. Because Vata is present throughout the body and in living cells. But still Ayurveda has specified certain major parts of the body where the actions and manifestations of Vata in the human body are commonly seen. According to Ayurveda, all the organs below the navel are considered as Vala Kshetra. Including:

  • Pelvic Colon
  • Bladder
  • Pelvis
  • Kidneys
  • Bones
  • Ears
  • Skin
  • Lower Limbs – Legs & Feet

Vata Dosha | What are the types of Vata : 

Generally there are 5 types of Vata which we know by these names.


Vata Dosha | What is PRANA VAYU :

In yoga, Prana Vayu represents life force and vital energy. In Ayurveda it is the basic functional unit of the mind, intellect, discretion, nervous system, sense organs, motor organs and respiration.

Place of air in the body –

Prana Vayu is present in specific organs or parts of the body. As if :

  • Brain
  • in the heart and lungs
  • Neck
  • Tongue
  • mouth
  • Nose

However, many people have different views regarding the presence or location of Prana Vayu. But it is working throughout the body from cellular levels. Its observable functions are visible between the head and the navel. Nevertheless, according to the experts, there are three main main places of Prana Vayu.

  • Head
  • Heart
  • navel area and its surrounding area

What are the Normal Functions of Prana Vayu

The general functions of prana vayu are as follows

  • To Breathe
  • Make Swallowing Food Easier
  • Spitting
  • Sneeze
  • Belching or Burp
  • Five senses
  • Function of nerves
  • Cough and Expel Mucus

Diseases Caused by Increase of Prana Air

Some general or serious health problems can occur if there is more quantity of Prana Vayu in the human body than required. which are like this

  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Common Cold
  • Hick up
  • Hoarseness of voice

Generally due to excess of prana vayu, all respiratory diseases to people are due to increase in prana vayu.


Udana Vayu is mainly responsible for controlling speech or voice. It supports the functions of the diaphragm, chest, lungs, pharynx and nose. UDANA means that which moves and works in the upper parts of the body. The main function of Udana Vayu is to produce sound which helps in talking to someone and making sound.

location of Udan Air in the Body –

Udana Vayu is present on certain parts of the body. which are like this :

  • diaphragm
  • Chest
  • Lungs
  • food in the stomach
  • Nose

Apart from this, according to Charaka Samhita, Udan Vayu is mainly located in the following three areas.

The navel and its surroundings, chest and throat. According to the Bhagwat, Udana Vayu in the human body is in the throat, around the navel and in the nose.

Note: There is both Prana Vayu and Udana Vayu in the chest. The only difference is that Prana Vayu comes and goes in this area whereas Udan Vayu stays permanently in the chest.

What are the Functions of Udan Air :

Udan Vayu has special importance in our daily life. The main functions of Udan Vayu are as follows.

  • speech – producing sounds and words
  • Effort – Enables a person to try.
  • Enthusiasm – Makes the person enthusiastic to do the work.
  • Strength – To maintain the strength of the body by eliminating gaseous waste products during exhalation.
  • Colour – It helps in maintaining the colours.

According to other ancient Maharishis, UDANA VAYU is also responsible for the following works.

  • Satisfaction
  • Memory
  • Determination
  • Recitation
  • thinking

Udana Vayu is also responsible for the functions of the diaphragm in respiration. This causes contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles.

Diseases Caused by Rising Udan Air –

Due to the excess of Udan Vayu in the body, diseases of the upper parts of the body can occur. These types of diseases include nose, throat, eyes and ears etc. Apart from this, along with Prana Vayu, it is also responsible for diseases like cough, hiccups and shortness of breath.


Samana air remains in the channels of the tributary canal from the stomach to the colon. It specifically regulates the peristalsis of the alimentary tract in the intestine and the stomach. It also helps in carrying the food into the canal.

Position of Samana Air in the Body

SAMANA VAYU The main place of SAMANA VAYU in the body is stomach and small intestine. But according to Charaka, samana vayu resides in the channels of sweat, dosha and fluids in the body. It is also present in the stomach and intestines where it maintains the functions of Pachaka Pitta.


Samana Vayu is responsible for the mechanical breakdown of food which aids in the further processing of digestive juices or enzymes. It separates the useful part and the waste part of the food and helps in the absorption of nutritious parts of the food and elimination of fecal matter.

Diseases Caused by Increasing SAMANA VAYU :

Digestive problems can occur if there is an excess or imbalance of samana air in the body. Its growth can alter digestion and lead to defective assimilation. Due to which problems like diarrhea and sour belching can occur.


According to Charaka, Vyana Vayu is present throughout the body. All movements in the body are due to this. Vyana Vayu causes flexion and expansion of the body, contraction and relaxation, opening and closing of the eyelids, etc. It is the functional unit of autonomic centres, motor centres, sensory nerves, motor nerves, reflex arteries, etc. It mainly regulates the permeability of capillaries, circulation and sweat.

Vyana Vayu’s place in the body

Vyana Vayu is present throughout the body and is mainly present in the heart.

General functions of Vyana Vayu 

व्‍यान वायु शरीर के सभी स्‍वैच्छिक और अनैच्छिक मूवमेंटों को नियंत्रित करता है। यह रिफ्लैक्‍स एक्‍सन और तंत्रिका आवेगों के संचरण के लिए जिम्‍मेदार होता है। यह हृदय की लय को नियंत्रित करता है। इसके अलावा वयान वायु पसीने के स्राव को प्रेरित करता है।

Diseases Caused by Increasing Vyana Vayu –

When there is an increase or imbalance in the level of Vyana Vayu in the body, some physical problems can also occur. Fever and circulatory diseases are more likely to occur in such problems.

What is APANA VAYU :

 APANA VAYU controls the lumbosacral plexus. It mainly plays a role in elimination or excretion.

Apana Vayu Space in the Body –

Apana Vayu is present in almost all parts of the body. Nevertheless, according to experts, the main places in the body of Apana Vayu are as follows:

  • Pelvis
  • Bladder
  • Uterus
  • Thighs
  • Testes
  • Abdominal muscles
  • Pelvic colon
  • Normal function
  • Defecation
  • Micturation
  • Expulsion of menstrual discharge
  • Expulsion of menstrual discharge

Diseases caused by Aggravation of Apana Vayu :

Some health problems can occur due to the imbalance or excess of Apana Vayu in the body. In which diseases related to constipation, bladder, uterus, testicles etc.

Taking Medicines According to Vata Dosha :

This principle is applied when there is generalization of Vata disorder in one and Vata symptoms are visible throughout the body. Medicines should be taken 2 to 3 hours after having a meal to cure Vata diseases. This means that medicines should be consumed after the food has been digested.

This position is for those patients who are troubled by stomach related problems due to Vata. Apart from this, Vata patients can also take related medicines in the evening or late at night. This is applicable when you are suffering from neurological disorders, generalized body pain and arthritis etc.

What is the Relation Between Vata and Weather :

Vata or Vata diseases show their effects according to the season. According to Ayurveda, there is accumulation of Vata (VATA SANCHAYA) in the summer season. There is an excess of Vata (VATA PRAKOPA) in the rainy season while the suppression of the increased Vata (VATA PRASHAMA) occurs in the winter season. Let us go through the relationship between Vata and Weather in detail.

Summer and Vata

In summers, the power of the body decreases, due to which the digestive power also becomes weak. Due to excessive sweating, there is also a loss of water in the body. In nature there is presence of dry and small quality food items during summers. Due to which Vata accumulates in the body. However, Vata does not increase during this time. But due to excessive heat in the summer season, it gets stored in a buried form. This is called Vata Sanchaya.

Rainy season and Vata

In the rainy season, the body’s strength and digestion fire is low. But during this the body temperature keeps changing from hot to cold. Which increases the suppressed vata in the summer season. This phase is called Vata Excess or Vata Prakopa (Vata PRAKOPA).

Winter Season and Vata

In the winter season, due to the wetness of the soil and the heat in the atmosphere, there is a reduction or end of Vata. This phase is called Vata mitigation (VATA PRASHAMA).।

Vata Imbalance and its Symptoms

If Vata is in a balanced state in the body then it is good for better health. But the imbalance of Vata or increase or decrease in Vata can cause many types of diseases and diseases. A decrease or increase in Vata can be termed as Vata imbalance. Both increase or decrease in Vata have different symptoms.

Decreased Vata Symptoms & Health Conditions

When a person feels the symptoms mentioned below. Such a condition indicates the deficiency of Vata in the body. These symptoms include

  • Desire to eat pungent, bitter and astringent tastes.
  • Prefers food with intrinsic qualities like dry, rough and light.
  • Diminished sensations
  • Dissatisfaction
  • Drowsiness
  • Feeling of exhaustion
  • Laziness
  • Sluggish movement
  • Sluggish speech
  • Weak digestive power

Generally the symptoms of decreased Vata are relative to the increased Kapha in the body. Therefore the following symptoms may also appear.

  • Excessive salivation
  • Nausea
  • Anorexia

Increased Vata Symptoms & Health Conditions 

  • Any of the following symptoms indicate aggravated Vata.
  • Desire to eat more hot and more sweet tasting foods.
  • To be weak
  • Body weight is an automatic phenomenon.
  • Darkening or darkening of the skin.
  • Feeling of loss of strength.
  • Constipation, dry and hard stools.
  • To have swelling
  • To be drowsy
  • Dizziness.
  • Doing irrelevant things